One would think studying a photography degree is solely related to taking photographs only, but this isn’t the only aspect. Research and writing, play a significant role towards the making of the photograph and developing an understanding of how to analyse a photo. Image analysis allows you to get a better knowledge of context awareness. Interacting with objects, settings, and understanding of cultural media and what the photograph depicts. Researching and critically analysing a photo allows you to represent and convey ideas and thoughts.
According to Wendy Hesford and Brenda Jo Brueggemann, photographic analysis involves examining images in terms of subject/content, perspective, and audience/content, all part of a so-called rhetorical triangle (Rhetorical Visions: Reading and Writing in a Visual Culture, Upper Saddle River, NJ: 2006.)
The subjects of the image, their appearance and gaze.
The components of the image, their arrangement, the use of colour, and where your eye is drawn within the image.
The types of narrative elements present in the image—what story is told? Is there an implied chronology before or after the image?
The historical and cultural contexts from which the image emerged
The historical and cultural contexts in which the image is seen or read the contexts surrounding audience.
The message/image itself, and how historical and cultural contexts shape the way a particular theme or subject is presented.
The photographer’s/filmmaker’s gaze or perspective and camera angle.
The framing of the subject matter.
The use of the camera to establish an illusion of intimacy, or sense of distance.